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judge own actions
Moral conduct is motivated and regulated through the ongoing exercise of evaluative self-influence,
which can sometimes prevent you getting things you want.
(Bandura, 2002, p. 102).
Imagine you are tempted to do something that is, by your own standards, wrong.
It’s obvious---or should be---that doing this will put others’ lives at risk.
You anticipate feeling bad (self-inflicted sanctions) if you surrender to temptation.
But you decide to give in to the temptation and do it.
What do you tell yourself?
Examples of moral disengagement
Everyone else is doing it
Johnson himself isn’t sticking to the rules so why should I
The rules are stupid
It’s only a mild illness for most people
It’s only like the flu, we shouldn’t be in lockdown anyway
I’m unlikely to infect anyone
Note the role of reason.
Bandura (2002, p. figure 1)
Why is the role of reason significant?
driven by feelings -> unreliable
driven by reasoning -> reliable
Moral intuitions are not always entirely consequences of feelings.
Some moral intuitions are, at least in part, consequences of reasoning from known principles.
But why accept the theory?