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Moral Disengagement: Significance

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In moral disengagement there is anticipation of self-inflicted punishment

which triggers reasoning

that influences moral intuitions and actions.

‘basic values are [...]outside certain practices of justification [...] basic values seem to be implemented in an emotional way’ (Prinz, 2007, p. 32).

‘moral reasoning is [...] usually engaged in after a moral judgment is made, in which a person searches for arguments that will support an already-made judgment’ (Haidt & Bjorklund, 2008, p. 189).

Moral judgements are not ‘the conclusions of explicitly represented syllogisms, one or more premises of which are moral principles, that ordinary folk can articulate’ (Dwyer, 2009, p. 294).

this is just a preview, no explanation given
The key objection is that reasoning can support deontological intuitions no less than consequentialist ones. (See also (Holyoak & Powell, 2016) who argue for the same conclusion on the basis of different considerations.)

Characteristically deontological judgments are preferentially supported by automatic emotional [processes], while characteristically consequentialist judgments are preferentially supported by conscious reasoning and allied processes of cognitive control’ (Greene, 2014, p. 699)

Further significance: We also have evidence for the 'sometimes' part


Why are moral intuitions sometimes, but not always, a consequence of reasoning from known principles?

Can strengthen this by considering moral disengagement.